Pottery making in India has been amuch sought-after vocation. The roots of Indian pottery are entrenched deep into its history. In fact, Indians learnt and used the art of pottery even when history was nonexistent.
The invention that changed the face of the world – the potter’s wheel, had come to the Indians long long back, some time in the distant past. Men made pottery primarily to meet their daily requirements i.e. for utilitarian purposes.
Natural as it is to human beings, creativity took its own course and men started using pottery for decorative purposes as well.
Even today, the story of Indian pottery remains undiminished in its glory and progress. Different regions of India have different and distinctive art of pottery. The same vase can be found in an astounding variety of shapes, sizes and designs – depending upon the location of its creation. The diversity of Indian handicrafts is all so much evident in its pottery traditions. Be it Bengal and terra cotta, Rajasthan and blue pottery, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat – every Indian state is special in its own traditions of pottery.
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Handicrafts making in India covers a wide array of products. The tradition of crafting toys and dolls actually dates back to the pre-historic periods in India. Excavations at different regions of India have come up with handmade toy carts, figures of human beings or animals, birds and even religious figurines.
Toys and dolls in India were crafted primarily from wood, clay, stones and other natural and easily available materials. Toys made in India not only cater to the dreams of a child but they are also associated with religious rituals and festivals.
Even today, there are some religious festivals like Janmashtami, which include rituals involving handmade toys and dolls. Toys and dolls are the obvious expression of the human psyche, social and cultural practices, demographical.
|A variety of materials like, wood, clay, papier machie, leather etc are used in making ethnic toys. Toys are not only made in the shape of animals, birds, carts etc but toys and dolls are also made to depict gods and deities. Each Indian region has its own tradition of making toys and dolls. While one state is famous for its wooden toys, some others are known for clay dolls, paper machie toys, or coconut pulp figures. Like the land itself, Indian art and crafts are epitomes of diversity and beauty, and this is reflected in its handmade toys and dolls|
Gems & jewelry are a part of the most essential inventroy of every Indian household as almost all men and women from here are huge admirer of ornamenrs.
The handicraft buyers of India export gems and jewelry fashioned in different designs and styles across world. In early India, people fashioned jewelry out of natural materials found in abundance all over the country-seeds, feathers, leaves, berries, fruits, flowers, animal bones, claws and teeth. Even today such jewelry is used by the different tribal societies. In India the ornaments are made practically for every part of the body. Such a variety of ornaments bears the testimony to the excellent skills of the jewelers in India.
History of Silk :
Since the 27 th century B.C., the Chinese have produced and used silk fabric. In fact, raising silk worms was one of the many chores of the farm women in China. From China, silk was exported via the Silk Route.
India has a diverse culture of many faiths and religions, which makes it the most unique country in the world. Every Indian religion has its own customs and traditions, which traverse the boundary of religion, cast and creed and India is no different!
The Chinese never let out the secret of how the silk was produced. However, in later years, Christian monks smuggled the eggs out of the country; hence introducing silk manufacture in other nations as well.
|The Making of Silk Fabric :
The process of making silk is delicate and involves a number of steps.
• The first stage is called sericulture. This is the cultivation of the silk worms. The most popular species for obtaining mulberry silk is Bombyx mori. The worms are raised in a controlled environment and are fed mulberry leaves. The worms form a cocoon around themselves by secreting a protein from the top of their head.